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Unfortunately, the Minnesota Workers Compensation Act provides no money or damages to injured workers for the pain, suffering, and emotional distress they go through as a result of their work injury. The ability to pursue pain and suffering was given up as part of the Grand Bargain. The Grand Bargain was the agreement between labor and management, between employees and employers, that employees would give up the right to sue their employers in tort and in return, those workers would receive certain guaranteed benefits regardless of whose fault caused the employee to get injured. The Grand Bargain is the tradeoff that gave workers the Workers’ Compensation Act.

There are only four types of benefits payable to or on behalf of the employee under the Minnesota Workers’ Compensation Act; (1) wage loss benefits, (2) medical benefits, (3) vocational rehabilitation benefits, and (4) permanent partial disability benefits.

Permanent partial disability (PPD) benefits are benefits paid by a workers’ compensation insurer for the functional loss of a body part. Conceptually, some people may think of PPD benefits as something like property damage for your body. The way it works is that a physician assigns a percentage disability rating for an injury to an employee. That percentage rating then translates to a monetary benefit payable to the employee, which is determined by the payment grid located in Minn. Stat. 176.101, Subd. 2(a).

Not all work injuries entitle an injured worker to a PPD rating. However, if an injured worker is entitled to a PPD rating, the amount of PPD benefits payable is based on the PPD schedule in Minnesota Rule 5223.

This means that a doctor assigns a whole-body percentage rating under Minnesota Rule 5223 (or a Weber rating – see below and be sure to speak with an attorney as to whether or not you may be entitled to a Weber PPD rating), and then Minn. Stat. 176.101, Subd. 2(a) is used to determine the dollar value payable to the employee for the PPD rating.

An example is the following: let’s say an injured worker has a knee injury that results in a meniscus repair surgery, a meniscectomy, where less than 50% of the meniscus is removed. Under Minn. Rule 5223.0510, Subp. 3(B)(1), the employee would be entitled to at least 2% PPD rating for this injury. Under Minn. Stat. 176.101, Subd. 2(a), using the multiplier of a PPD rating less than 5.5%, we use $78,800.00 for dates of injury on/after October 1, 2018. Calculations are as follows:

$78,800 x .02 = $1,576.00 in PPD benefits payable to the employee

Unfortunately, PPD ratings are not generally based on how much a work injury impacts someone’s life (meaning, the pain and suffering do not impact the actual PPD rating), but rather, the rating is based off of the Rules and whether the doctor believes an injury fits within those Rules, and how those Rules work with the Statute, as determined by the legislature.

The grid that determines the multiplier, meaning, how the dollar value of the PPD percentage rating is determined is based on Minn. Stat. 176.101, Subd. 2(a). For dates of injury after October 1, 2018, the grid is as follows:

Impairment Rating Amount
Less than 5.5% $78,800.00
5.5% to less than 10.5% $84,000.00
10.5% to less than 15.5% $89,300.00
15.5% to less than 20.5% $94,500.00
20.5% to less than 25.5% $99,800.00
25.5% to less than 30.5% $105,000.00
30.5% to less than 35.5% $115,500.00
35.5% to less than 40.5% $126,000.00
40.5% to less than 45.5% $136,500.00
45.5% to less than 50.5% $147,000.00
50.5% to less than 55.5% $173,300.00
55.5% to less than 60.5% $199,500.00
60.5% to less than 65.5% $225,800.00
65.5% to less than 70.5% $252,000.00
70.5% to less than 75.5% $278,300.00
75.5% to less than 80.5% $330,800.00
80.5% to less than 85.5% $383,300.00
85.5% to less than 90.5% $435,800.00
90.5% to less than 95.5% $488,300.00
95.5% to 100% $540,800.00


Physicians are the ones who issue PPD ratings, and they are generally assigned when the employee reaches maximum medical improvement (MMI).

The harsh reality is that there is no pain and suffering value payable to employees for what they go through as a result of a work injury. While PPD benefits are not the same as pain and suffering, they are the closest thing to it in the workers compensation system.

Additionally, while the PPD disability schedule is large, it is not comprehensive, and Minnesota courts have been receptive to awarding permanent functional loss ratings for conditions or injuries not specifically contained in the schedule. These PPD ratings are called Weber ratings. The purpose of a Weber rating is to approximate the functional loss suffered by the employee by comparing the disability to similar losses included in the schedule. Since a nonscheduled injury, by definition, falls outside the PPD schedule (Minn. Rule 5223), there is no requirement that any particular category in the schedule be applied, or that the injury meet the specific requirements of any given category. See Weber v. City of Inver Grove Heights, 461 N.W.2d 918, 43 W.C.D. 471 (Minn. 1990), Reyes v. Walmart, 61 W.C.D. 835 (2001).  Rather, the permanency schedule provides a point of reference, for the purpose of comparison, to ensure some objectivity and consistency in the permanency ratings made. Makowsky v. St. Mary’s Med. Ctr., 62 W.C.D. 409 (2002).

It is important for injured workers to know all the benefits that are available to them under the Minnesota Worker’s Compensation Act, including whether or not they are entitled to PPD rating. Having a lawyer experienced with the workers compensation act, the PPD schedule, and whether or not you may be entitled to a rating by rule under Minn. Rule 5223, or by case law under Weber, is absolutely vital for good and proper representation for your work injury.

Minneapolis MN personal injury lawyers

The Schmidt Salita Law Team Handles a Wide Variety of Personal Injury and Wrongful Death Claims.

The Schmidt Salita Law Team handles cases involving car accidents, trucking accidents, motorcycle accidents, pedestrian car accidents, and bicycle accidents.  It has many years’ experience in workers compensation , products liability and medical malpractice cases.

The Schmidt Salita Law Team has extensive experience with concussion injuries, traumatic brain injuries, neck and back injuries, whiplash injuries, broken bones, injured joint injuries (knee, hip, shoulder, wrist, ankle, spinal), amputation injuries, and vision and eye injuries.

The Schmidt Salita Law Team has offices through out the State of Minnesota.  Its primary location is at Ridgedale Office Center in Minnetonka, near the intersection of I394 and I494.  The offices are handicap accessible with ample parking.

The Schmidt Salita Team Offers Contingent Fee Arrangements.

The firm offers contingent fee agreements (You don’t pay lawyers fees until you collect and then only as a percentage of the settlement).  It also offers home and hospital visits to clients whose injuries present difficulty in coming to the office.


The Schmidt Salita Law Team has locations throughout the Twin Cities metropolitan area of Minneapolis and St. Paul, as well as Minnetonka, Maple Grove, Plymouth, Osseo, Anoka, Coon Rapids, Brooklyn Center, Fridley, Blaine, Shoreview, Woodbury, Falcon Heights, Columbia Park, Stillwater, Hastings, Inver Grove, Cottage Grove, South St. Paul, Apple Valley, Eagan, Burnsville, Savage, Shakopee, Richfield, Bloomington, Chaska, Chanhassen, Edina, Eden Prairie, and Hopkins.